Smallest Nonconstructible Value

EPI, Geeks


Given a sorted array (sorted in non-decreasing order) of positive numbers, find the smallest positive integer value that cannot be represented as sum of elements of any subset of given set. Expected time complexity is O(n).


Input:  arr[] = {1, 3, 6, 10, 11, 15};
Output: 2

Input:  arr[] = {1, 1, 1, 1};
Output: 5

Input:  arr[] = {1, 1, 3, 4};
Output: 10

Input:  arr[] = {1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 40};
Output: 4

Input:  arr[] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6};
Output: 22


记录到index i的时候不能被construct的数,然后跟目前的arr[i]值对比。如果给的是unsorted需要先sort。

Let the input array be arr[0..n-1]. We initialize the result as 1 (smallest possible outcome) and traverse the given array. Let the smallest element that cannot be represented by elements at indexes from 0 to (i-1) be ‘res’, there are following two possibilities when we consider element at index i:

1) We decide that ‘res’ is the final result: If arr[i] is greater than ‘res’, then we found the gap which is ‘res’ because the elements after arr[i] are also going to be greater than ‘res’.

2) The value of ‘res’ is incremented after considering arr[i]: The value of ‘res’ is incremented by arr[i] (why? If elements from 0 to (i-1) can represent 1 to ‘res-1’, then elements from 0 to i can represent from 1 to ‘res + arr[i] – 1’ be adding ‘arr[i]’ to all subsets that represent 1 to ‘res’)


#include <vector>
#include <iostream>

using namespace std;

int smallestNonConstructible(vector<int> nums){
    int res=1;
    for(int i=0; i<nums.size() && res>=nums[i]; i++){
        res += nums[i];
    return res;

int main(){
    vector<int> arr={1,1,4};

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